Students should learn essential aspects of the knowledge, methods, processes and uses of
science. They should gain appreciation of how the complex and diverse phenomena of the
natural world can be described in terms of a small number of key ideas that relate to the
sciences and that are both inter-linked and of universal application.
These key ideas include:
● The use of conceptual models and theories to make sense of the observed diversity of
● The assumption that every effect has one or more cause.
● That change is driven by differences between different objects and systems when they
● That many such interactions occur over a distance and over time without direct contact.
● That science progresses through a cycle of hypothesis, practical experimentation,
observation, theory development and review.
● That quantitative analysis is a central element both of many theories and of scientific method of inquiry.
● Develop scientific knowledge and conceptual understanding through the specific disciplines of biology, chemistry and physics.
● Develop understanding of the nature, processes and methods of science, through different types of scientific enquiries that help them to answer scientific questions about the world around them.
● Develop and learn to apply observational, practical, modelling, enquiry and problem-solving skills in the laboratory.
● Develop their ability to evaluate claims based on science through critical analysis of the methodology, evidence and conclusions, both qualitatively and quantitatively.